By Pamphilus, Thomas Scheck
Presented right here for the 1st time in English translation (from Rufinus's Latin model) is the Apology for Origen, the only surviving paintings of St. Pamphilus of Caesarea (d. 310 AD), who was once probably the most celebrated priest-martyrs of the traditional Church. Written from felony with the collaboration of Eusebius (later to develop into the bishop of Caesarea), the Apology makes an attempt to refute accusations made opposed to Origen, protecting his perspectives with passages quoted from his personal works. Pamphilus goals to teach Origen's constancy to the apostolic proclamation, mentioning excerpts that show Origen's orthodoxy and his vehement repudiation of heresy. He then takes up a chain of particular accusations raised opposed to Origen's doctrine, quoting passages from Origen's writings that confute fees raised opposed to his Christology. a few excerpts show that Origen didn't deny the heritage of the biblical narratives; others make clear Origen's doctrine of souls and facets of his eschatology. Pamphilus used to be beheaded on February sixteen, 310, lower than the emperor Maximinus Daia.
In 397 advert, on the pressing invitation of his buddy Macarius, Rufinus of Aquileia translated Pamphilus's Apology into Latin, the 1st of his broad translations of Origen's writings. Rufinus most likely didn't suspect the incomparable significance of his project, yet by way of translating Origen he stored from forthcoming destroy one of the most worthy monuments of Christian antiquity, destined to shape Latin minds for a few years to come.
Also provided during this quantity is a brand new English translation of Rufinus's paintings, On the Falsification of the Books of Origen during which Rufinus units forth arguments for his conception that Origen's writings had suffered interpolations via heretics. Rufinus demonstrates that literary frauds and forgeries performed through heretics have been frequent and affected many writers. He could have been misled by means of his severe recognize for Origen's genius, and he definitely exaggerated whilst he claimed that every one the doctrinal error to be met with in Origen's works have been as a result of interpolations.
ABOUT THE TRANSLATOR:
Thomas P. Scheck is assistant professor of classics and theology at Ave Maria collage. he's the translator of a number of works of the Church Fathers: Origen's Commentary at the Epistle to the Romans, Homilies on Numbers, and Homilies on Ezekiel, St. Jerome's Commentary on Matthew, and Commentaries on Galatians, Titus, and Philemon. His examine pursuits contain the reception of the Church Fathers within the West and the theology of Erasmus of Rotterdam.
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Extra info for Apology for Origen: with On the Falsification of the Books of Origen by Rufinus
73. Cf. 17. 5. 74. 3. See my forthcoming translation in ACW. 76 In the present day R. 77 Such misleading charges are not compatible with the entire range of Origen’s writings. This is what led H. ”78 H. ”79 The appearance in English translation of H. 80 De Lubac shows that Origen’s spiritual exegesis is wholly Christian and wholly traditional. He demonstrates that Origen spiritualizes history, and interiorizes it, but in no way destroys it. 81 For example, Origen defends God’s direct creation of the first man, Adam, and of Eve from one of Adam’s ribs; he accepts the literal truth of Enoch’s translation to heaven, Noah’s flood, Abraham’s hospitality to angels, Joshua’s making the sun stand still, Elijah’s assumption into heaven, the resuscitation of the son of the Shunamite woman, and the backward movement of the shadow under Hezekiah.
It responds to an accusation made against Origen that Rufinus rejects in Adult. 17–18. 63. Peri archon, Preface 4–8. 64. Cf. 34. 65. Cf. 29. 66. Cf. 46. 67. 42. 68. 43. 69. Cf. 12. APOLOGY FOR ORIGEN 51 burden it down with sins, but if we are to live rightly and resolutely, we must try to rid ourselves of such a downfall. What logically follows from this is that we do not understand ourselves to be subject to necessity, as if we were compelled by all means, even against our will, to do either good or evil.
16) will strongly reproach Jerome’s hypocrisy in this regard, since Jerome had once praised Origen as an apostle and prophet. APOLOGY FOR ORIGEN 41 add solutions to these problems, but in all humility and truthfulness he is not ashamed to confess that these things are not clear to him. 27 Moreover, we notice that he sometimes offers diverse explanations of the same text; and he does this quite reverently, as one who knows that he is speaking about the sacred Scriptures. When he sets forth the many things that have occurred to him, he instructs those who read to test the details of what he has said and to retain what the prudent reader has judged to be spoken more correctly.
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